African Descent Population in South America

Afro ChileanAbout 10 million Africans were brought to South America to work as slave between 1518 and 1873. Over 3 million of them went to Brazil to work on sugar and coffee plantations. In Colombia, 200,000 of them worked on sugar and coffee plantations, and in gold mines. In Venezuela, Peru, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay an estimated 100,000 worked on sugar plantations, in mines, on docks, and in fields.

Today, the African descent population is South America is estimated to be between 20 and 68 million. It is hard to come to an exact number due to differences in self identification. The division in self identification is a result of Diaspora. It is based on the degree of lost pride of heritage due to an attempt to assimilate into White society. It is also due to the identification others have made.

Ethnonyms (identifying terms) used in South America include:

  • African Americans
  • African Negroes
  • Afro Americas
  • Bahia Brazilians
  • Black Indians
  • Blacks
  • Bushenenge
  • Bush Negroes
  • Cafucos
  • Creoles
  • Libres
  • Morenos
  • Mulattos
  • Negroes
  • Nengres
  • Noires
  • Maroons
  • Pardos
  • Prêtos
  • Trigueños
  • Zambos.

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